What are Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)?
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), also known as sexually transmitted infections (STIs), are very common. Millions of new infections occur every year in the United States.
STDs pass from one person to another through vaginal, oral, and anal sex. They also can spread through intimate physical contact like heavy petting, though this is not very common.
STDs don’t always cause symptoms or may only cause mild symptoms. Therefore, it is possible to have an infection and not know it. That is why getting an STD test is important if you are having sex. If you receive a positive STD diagnosis, know that all are treatable with medicine and some are curable entirely.
- Bacterial Vaginosis
- HIV/AIDS & STDs
- Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Infection
- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
- STDs & Infertility
- STDs during Pregnancy
How Do STDs Generally Spread?
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are usually spread by sexual route: vaginal, mouth, or anal sex.
Some can spread through blood or blood products (including chlamydia, gonorrhea, chancroid, human immunodeficiency virus [HIV], herpes, human papillomavirus [HPV], and Hepatitis B virus [HBV]).
It can be passed from a mother to her child during pregnancy and childbirth.
What causes sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)?
STDs can be caused by bacteria, viruses, and parasites.
Who is affected by sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)?
Most STDs affect both men and women, but in many cases the health problems they cause can be more severe for women. If a pregnant woman has an STD, it can cause serious health problems for the baby.
Which STD is not curable?
Viruses such as HIV, genital herpes, human papillomavirus, hepatitis, and cytomegalovirus cause STDs/STIs that cannot be cured.
What antibiotic is good for STD?
Single-dose therapy with azithromycin is as effective as a seven-day course of doxycycline (Vibramycin). Doxycycline is less expensive, but azithromycin may be cost-beneficial because it provides single-dose, directly observed therapy. Erythromycin and ofloxacin (Floxin) also may be used to treat C.